- Perform a Home Safety Check: Many falls occur at home. Most commonly, people trip over objects on the floor. To make your home safer, check out these tips.
- Exercise: Exercise reduces your risk of falls by improving your strength, balance, coordination and flexibility. Talk to your physician about an exercise program.
- Review Your Medications: Many medications have side effects that can affect your brain function and lead to dizziness or lightheadedness. Ask your prescribing physician to review your medications and reduce your chances of falling by using the lowest effective dosage. Also, discuss the need for walking aids or supports while taking medications that can affect balance.
- Get Your Eyes Check Regularly: Reduced vision increases risk of falls. Age-related vision diseases, including cataracts and glaucoma, can alter your depth perception, visual acuity and susceptibility to glare. Have your vision checked regularly. Also, regularly clean your glasses to improve visibility.
- Prevent Osteoporosis: Osteoporosis makes bones less resistant to stress and more likely to fracture. Caused by hormonal changes, calcium and vitamin D deficiencies, and a decrease in physical activity, osteoporosis is a chief cause of fractures in older adults, especially women. Talk to your doctor about things you can do to prevent osteoporosis.